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Bill Hunter

Bill Hunter

Bill Hunter worked as a reporter for the Long Beach Independent Press Telegram. He was involved in the investigation of the killing of President John F. Kennedy. On 24th November, 1963, Hunter and Jim Koethe of the Dallas Times Herald interviewed George Senator. Also there was the attorney Tom Howard. Earlier that day Senator and Howard had both visited Jack Ruby in jail. That evening Senator arranged for Koethe, Hunter and Howard to search Ruby's apartment.

It is not known what the journalists found but on 23rd April 1964, Hunter was shot dead by Creighton Wiggins, a policeman in the pressroom of a Long Beach police station. Wiggins initially claimed that his gun fired when he dropped it and tried to pick it up. In court this was discovered that this was impossible and it was decided that Hunter had been murdered. Wiggins finally admitted he was playing a game of quick draw with his fellow officer. The other officer, Errol F. Greenleaf, testified he had his back turned when the shooting took place. In January 1965, both were convicted and sentenced to three years probation.

Jim Koethe decided to write a book about the assassination of Kennedy. However, he died on 21st September, 1964. It seems that a man broke into his Dallas apartment and killed him by a karate chop to the throat. Tom Howard died of a heart-attack, aged 48, in March, 1965.

Shortly after dark on Sunday night, November 24, 1963, after Ruby had killed Lee Harvey Oswald, a meeting took place in Jack Ruby's apartment in Oak Cliff, a suburb of Dallas, Texas. Five persons were present. George Senator and Attorney Tom Howard were present and having a drink in the apartment when two newsmen arrived. The newsmen were Bill Hunter of the Long Beach California Press Telegram and Jim Koethe of the Dallas Times Herald. Attorney C.A. Droby of Dallas arranged the meeting for the two newsmen, Jim Martin, a close friend of George Senator's, was also present at the apartment meeting. This writer asked Martin if he thought it was unusual for Senator to forget the meeting while testifying in Washington on April 22, 1964, since Bill Hunter, who was a newsman present at the meeting, was shot to death that very night. Martin grinned and said: "Oh, you're looking for a conspiracy."

I nodded yes and he grinned and said, "You will never find it."

I asked soberly, "Never find it, or not there?"

He added soberly, "Not there."

Bill Hunter, a native of Dallas and an award-winning newsman in Long Beach, was on duty and reading a book in the police station called the "Public Safety Building." Two policemen going off duty came into the press room, and one policeman shot Hunter through the heart at a range officially ruled to be "no more than three feet." The policeman said he dropped his gun, and it fired as he picked it up, but the angle of the bullet caused him to change his story. He finally said he was playing a game of quick draw with his fellow officer. The other officer testified he had his back turned when the shooting took place.

Hunter, who covered the assassination for his paper, the Long Beach Press Telegram had written:

"Within minutes of Ruby's execution of Oswald, before the eyes of millions watching television, at least two Dallas attorneys appeared to talk with him."

Hunter was quoting Tom Howard who died of a heart attack in Dallas a few months after Hunter's own death. Lawyer Tom Howard was observed acting strangely to his friends two days before his death. Howard was taken to the hospital by a "friend" according to the newspapers. No autopsy was performed.

Dallas Times Herald reporter Jim Koethe was killed by a karate chop to the throat just as he emerged from a shower in his apartment on Sept. 21, 1964. His murderer was not indicted.

What went on in that significant meeting in Ruby's and Senator's apartment?

Few are left to tell. There is no one in authority to ask the question, since the Warren Commission has made its final report, and the House Select Committee has closed its investigation.

Hunter covered the Kennedy assassination more or less on a lark. He was a police reporter for the Long Beach paper and a good one, with a knack for getting along with cops. He drank with them, played cards with them in the press room-- he was a sharp and lucky player - and they would often call him at home when a story broke. Hunter was a big man, described by friends as rough, jovial, "very physical," with an attractive wife and three children.

There was no real need for the Long Beach paper to send a reporter to Dallas, but Hunter, who grew up there, managed to promote a free trip for himself with the city desk. In Dallas he ran into Jim Koethe, with whom he had worked in Wichita Falls, Texas. Koethe asked him to come along to the meeting in Ruby's apartment; they arrived to find Senator and Tom Howard having a drink.

Bill Hunter was killed just after midnight on the morning of April 23, 1964 - only a few hours after George Senator testified before Warren Commission counsel that he "could not recall" the meeting in Ruby's apartment. Hunter was seated at his desk in the press room of the Long Beach public safety building when detective Creighton Wiggins Jr. and his partner burst into the room. A single bullet fired from Wiggins' gun struck Hunter in the heart, killing him almost instantly. The mystery novel he was reading, entitled Stop This Man!, slipped blood-spattered from his fingers.

Wiggins' story underwent several changes. His final version was that he and his partner had been playing cops and robbers with guns drawn when his gun started to slip from his hand and went off. The two officers were convicted of involuntary manslaughter. Sentnece was suspended. There were so many contradictions in Wiggins' testimony that Bill Shelton, Hunter's city editor and old friend from Texas, is "still not satisfied" with the official verdict. He declines to comment about any possible connection between Hunter's death and the Kennedy assassination. "But I'd believe anything," he says. It is a curious footnote that Shelton's brother Keith was among the majority of Dallas newspapermen who found it expedient to leave their jobs after covering the assassination. Keith was president of the Dallas Press Club and gave up a promising career as political columnist for the Times-Herald to settle in a small north Texas town. One reporter who was asked to resign put it this way: "It looks like a studied effort to remove all the knowledgeable newsmen who covered the assassination."

At approximately 2 a.m. on the morning of April 23, 1964, Hunter was sitting at his desk in the press room of the Long Beach police station and reading a mystery novel entitled Stop This Man, when two detectives - both of whom were later described as "friends" of Hunter - came into the room.

Initially, there was considerable confusion over exactly what happened next. One officer was first quoted as saying he dropped his gun, causing it to discharge as it struck the floor. Later, he changed his story to say that he and the other detective were engaged in "horseplay" with their loaded weapons when the tragedy occurred.

Whatever the case, a single shot suddenly rang out, striking Hunter where he sat. An autopsy later showed that the .38-caliber bullet plowed straight through Hunter's heart.

He died instantly, without ever moving or saying a word.

"My boss called me at 2 a.m. and told me Bill Hunter had been shot," Bill Shelton recalls. "He wasn't satisfied with the story that the cop had dropped his gun, and as it turned out, that wasn't what happened at all."

The newspaper charged police with covering up the facts in the case, which Long Beach Police Chief William Mooney vigorously denied. Detectives Creighton Wiggins, Jr., and Errol F. Greenleaf were relieved of their duties and subsequently charged with involuntary manslaughter. In January 1965, both were convicted and given identical three-year probated sentences.

Two weeks after the shooting, in a letter of resignation to his chief, Detective Wiggins wrote: "It is a tragic thing that this must come about in this manner, for I have lost a wonderful friend in Bill Hunter and so have all the police officers of the department... he was truly the policeman's friend."

While Hunter's death made sensational headlines in California, it was scarcely noted 2,000 miles away in Dallas. Jim Koethe surely mourned his friend, but if he connected Hunter's death in any way with their visit to Ruby's apartment five months earlier, he didn't mention it to any of his acquaintances at the Times-Herald.


Bill Tench

Bill reported to work one morning to find that Shepard wanted to speak with him. When they met, Shepard revealed that he was retiring and his replacement, Ted Gunn, was very enthusiastic about their work. Bill met with Gunn and Gunn asked him about the missing time on the Devier tape. They also talked about Holden's unusual tactics. He asked Bill to keep a tight leash on Holden. Bill agreed and covered for Holden when Gunn asked to speak with him. He later learned from Wendy that Gunn also asked Wendy to keep Holden in check. He then got a call from Holden and flew out to California to get him. The learned of Holden's tendency to get panic attacks. ΐ]

Shepard's Retirement Party [ edit | edit source ]

Bill, Holden, and Wendy all attended Shepard's retirement party. During the party, after Shepard himself gave a speech, Holden stepped up to thank Shepard for his support. However, Shepard walked out before Holden could finish talking. Holden followed him outside only to learn that Shepard despised him for forcing him into retirement. Shepard continued to yell at Holden until Bill walked out with his wife, saying he'd forgotten his date, at which point Holden hid behind a car because he was having a panic attack. Α]

BTK [ edit | edit source ]

Bill was given the files of the BTK killer by an old friend, Donald Graham. They reviewed the case files together. Β]

With this information, Bill went to Kansas to work with Bernie Drowatzky, a detective who was there when the murders first started. Bernie updated him on the case and took him to the Otero crime scene to look around. He also told Bill that the brother of one victim, who was also attacked but survived was still in the area. They set up a meeting and talked to Kevin Bright. Through this conversation, Bill was able to deduce that BTK had taken the Otero father's watch and wore it when he attacked Kevin and his sister.

When he returned to Virginia, he shared what he had learned with Holden and they discussed his case in the context of others he seemed to be emulating, particularly David Berkowitz. They then decided that they needed to interview Berkowitz immediately, hoping he would help them understand BTK. Before they left, Wendy took Bill to the bar and told him he needed to get an eye on Holden and watch for signs of a panic attack and get him out if he started to have one. During the interview, they were shocked to hear him admit that he made up the story about the dog telling him to kill. He also revealed that he hunted every night and waited for things to fall together. He said he returned to the scene to relieve the crime, but didn't take any trophies. He suspected that BTK also hunted every night and said he wouldn't be able to resist going back to the crime scenes. When discussing the interview with Wendy, they decided they needed to create a new category that considers not only if they follow their cases in the media, but how they manipulate the media themselves. Γ]

Brian's Struggles and Atlanta Child Murders [ edit | edit source ]

Bill and Nancy were home one night when Art Spencer came to their door and told them that a body was found in the garage of a house Nancy was showing. He asked for her shoes to eliminate her prints from the house and some information about who had access to the house. Δ]

After learning about the murder, Nancy was unable to sleep. She asked Bill to get their number off the for sale sign in the yard. Because Nancy was struggling, Bill called in sick to work, leaving Holden to go do an interview himself. Bill visited the crime scene to turn over Nancy's shoes and went over the case with Spencer and learned that the victim was just a toddler. When he told Nancy about it, she revealed that they knew the family from church. Later, Art Spencer came to their church to talk about the case and when he struggled to reassure people, Bill stepped in and assured everyone that the murder had nothing to do with cult behavior. Ε]

After his meeting with Tanya and the mothers, Holden approached the rest of the team about the case. Bill didn't want to get involved because they weren't invited. Gunn came in and mentioned he'd heard about the case and joined the team for Holden's presentation. Holden believed a serial killer was at work in Atlanta and had taken and kill the children. He also believed that he was a black male in his mid- to late-twenties. Bill and Wendy didn't believe Holden had enough to work with and Gunn agreed, but told Holden to keep current with the case. Holden and Bill planned to go interview Elmer Wayne Henley, Jr. at Wendy's request, but Gunn called them into his office and told them they needed to go back to Atlanta as another child had gone missing and a ransom call came in saying the child was in another state, making it a federal case.

Bill and Holden joined the Atlanta task force and learned Jim was the liaison for the case. They got up to speed on the newest kidnapping and the ransom demands. When the commissioner came to talk to them, Holden shared the rudimentary profile he'd developed with him. The commissioner was upset to hear Holden suggest the killer is black.

Bill got a call from Nancy asking him to come home immediately, so he had to leave Atlanta. The police came to their house asking to talk to Brian. Bill got home to find that Brian had told the police he was there when the boy died. He took the older kids there and they accidentally killed the little boy. They admitted it to the police and then Brian confirmed that it was his idea to put the little boy on the cross. Ζ]

Because Brian wasn't involved in the murder himself and because of his young age, the DA decided not to pursue charges against him. However, his case was turned over to the department of family services and he was assigned a social worker and a psychiatrist. The social worker, Mavis Leland, came to his house, observed his environment, took notes and said she'd be back.

They later visited the psychiatrist and talked about what he would be doing with Brian. He said that both parents would have to be at every appointment, which would be every Friday. Despite his work, Bill immediately agreed. Η]

Manson Interview and Consulting Kemper [ edit | edit source ]

Gunn came in and told the team he secured an interview with Charles Manson in two weeks. To prepare for the interview, they talked about how the Family dynamic came together and said that was their primary interest, as Manson never actually killed anyone himself. They needed to know how he was able to persuade middle-class young people to join his Family and kill for him.

When they went for the interview, Manson initially refuse to leave his cell to come talk to them, so they went to talk to Kemper instead, while they waited, hoping it would help draw him out. Kemper said if they really wanted to know about the murders, they should talk to Tex Watson instead, because Manson never killed anyone and doesn't know what it's like. They asked Kemper about why he returned to the crime scenes and he said revisiting the scenes let him re-live the crimes for sexual satisfaction. Being able to re-live the crimes helped him delay having to kill again, because it had become a compulsion. When he couldn't go to scenes, he had souvenirs he'd kept that helped him.

When Manson was ready, they moved to another room and he was brought in. He propped himself up on a chair and they talked about his relationship with the family. He denied having told anyone to kill anyone else and said he just took in people who had been cast aside by society. He also denied trying to start a race war. He said that the members of the family told the story that worked best for themselves. Bill started to argue with Manson, which culminated in Bill abruptly ending the interview and leaving.

With Bill forced to return to Virginia, Holden went alone to interview Tex Watson, who had become Christian in prison. He talked about Manson's influence over them, teaching them how to kill people and giving them drugs so they weren't afraid to do it. ⎖]

AD Wyman's Party [ edit | edit source ]

Gunn invited Bill, Wendy, and Holden to a party with George Wyman. At the party, Bill easily charmed the crowd with stories of interviewing serial killers. When he went outside to get some air, he talked with Wendy for a moment and opened up to her about what was happening with Brian. She offered her help and support to him. Back inside, Gunn said Bill had been invited to a retreat at the Director's and Gunn had accepted on his behalf. ⎗]

Brian's Therapy [ edit | edit source ]

In a therapy session, the therapist asked questions about why Brian did what he did, but Brian just kicked the table in front of him softly and refused to answer. After talking to Brian, Dr. Moritz talked to Bill and Nancy about the changes in Brian's behavior and prescribed medication and advised them to set limits for the bedwetting. Nancy objected, saying she thought it was better if Brian were just allowed to forget what happened, though Moritz said children don't just forget trauma. Later that day, Brian left the house and walked to a park, where he stared at a girl. When the girl's mother saw Brian and Nancy, she quickly ushered her daughter away. ⎘]

Brian continued his therapy and it started to wear on Nancy, who suggested selling their house and moving. Bill said he wanted to wait to talk about it until he was done in Atlanta, but they didn't know when that would be. Later, she told him he'd have to pick up Brian and feed him dinner, because she was going out. He did so and admitted to Brian that the whole situation scared him. He asked Brian to tell him what he was feeling, but Brian stayed silent. ⎙]

Director's Retreat [ edit | edit source ]

At the director's retreat, Bill kept everyone's attention by talking about his work, specifically Ed Kemper. ⎚]

Return to Atlanta [ edit | edit source ]

After the retreat, Bill returned to Atlanta, where Holden had already been sent to rejoin the cases. Gunn told them they were budgeted through the end of the case and should prepare for that. Bill arrived just as they were preparing to return to previous dump sites to look out for the killer returning. Bill joined Jim Barney to go interview people related to Earl's disappearance while Holden joined the search. Bill and Jim were surprised to find out that none of the potential witnesses had been interviewed by police before. They were called back to the scene when a body was found near where a previous body was dumped. A second body was also found there along with some porn mags. They got prints off the magazines and matched them to a white plumber who worked in the area. Holden didn't believe it was him because he was white and the magazines depicted white women, not black boys. Despite this, Redding wanted to bring him in for questioning, so they went to DA Slaton and he gave his reluctant approval, though he said it had to be kept quiet so it wouldn't make him look bad to his constituents. Despite their efforts to keep it quiet, the press quickly found out and swarmed the police station. ⎛]

Five hours later, they still hadn't found anything definitive in the plumber's truck that they could use to pressure him into confession. They finally found some tape, a large amount. Though Holden protested that there was no evidence tape was used on any of the victims, Bill was eager to get started with questioning before the plumber called a lawyer. They started asking him about his work. In order to see if he was racist, Jim brought in some coffee and purposely dropped a sugar packet in it to see how the plumber reacted to him sticking his fingers into the coffee. The plumber didn't react. They asked him about the KKK and he said he wasn't raised to treat people differently. They showed him the tape they'd found and he said he uses it as a plumber. When they asked him about the area where they found the body and showed him the magazines, he said that his wife was pregnant with their first and he used the magazines in the woods to get some release. Jim then interrupted their interview to tell the another body was found, a boy taken after they picked up the plumber. Holden was frustrated by this. Jim apologized to the plumber and led him out the back of the building. Later that morning, Holden saw a news report and put together that the killer was messing with them, as he'd dumped a body in the same location where they'd searched after the call came in.

They went back to Redding and talked to him about what they'd learned. They knew the killer was inserting himself into the investigation, so they wanted to manufacture an opportunity for him to insert himself in a way they could control. He suggested setting up crosses for a few of the victims and tie their erection to a STOP march. The killer wouldn't be able to stay away. Holden went to Camille Bell and asked her about the crosses. She said she'd talk to the other mothers about it and if they agreed, they'd put up the crosses. They ran into red tape over how to get the crosses, so Holden went to Gunn to try to fast-track it. Jim showed them a case file from the convicted child molesters he was going through, a man who lived in the brick house a few of the victims were known to have gone too. He had polaroids of young boys in his house when he was arrested, though all the kids were white. Holden said it wasn't their guy, because he was white. Jim went to talk to the mother of one of the boys, who said that her son loved music and wrote many songs of his own. She confirmed that he knew several of the others boys, more than the two Jim knew about. One even lived nearby.

After an explosion in Atlanta killed three black children at a daycare, local parents became convinced it was related to the murders and the mayor decided to go to a baptist church to address people's concerns about the case. When the crowd started to turn against him and declare their certainty that the Klan was involved, Jackson and Brown were forced out of the church. Once they were gone, Camille Bell stood up and spoke, saying they would make sure no stone was left unturned.

Redding said they were being forced to look into potential Klan involvement. Bill agreed to liaise between the GBI and APD during that investigation. When Holden asked him about that choice, he said that Holden was too busy trying to make the case match the profile rather than the other way around. Their fight was ended when the crosses finally arrived, less than an hour before the march was due to start. They put the crosses together with difficulty and then raced to the church to get them there, but Holden found he was too late. He confided in Bill his frustration at all the delays and lack of progress. ⎜]

Bill went on a stakeout with Garland Periwinkle and watched the house of a known Klan member. They heard him on the phone with his brother talking about getting another kid and specially the murdered children. They brought him in for an interview, but it got them no new information and while he was there, another body was found.

Holden had the idea to use the benefit concert Sammy Davis, Jr. and Frank Sinatra were throwing to catch the subject. He asked for flyers to be passed out asking for additional security for the concert, knowing the killer would be unable to resist. He ran into lots of red tape along the way and ultimately, they ran out of time for that operation. With that out, the next operation was to stake out the bridges for anyone dropping what looks like a body into the river. After five weeks, they were told they got one more night and then they had to end the search. A deputy heard a splash in the middle of the night and they pulled over Wayne Williams. When he was asked if he knew why they pulled him over, he said he believed it was because of the boys. ⎝]

They questioned him as they looked for the body he dumped. He said he was in the music business and was on his way to pick up a check. Then he said he was going to see a woman who said she was a singer worth hearing. He had only a number, so they tried calling it and got nowhere. In the car, they found a pair of gloves and a rope with knots and both ends, as well as a lot of dog fir. Holden asked a recruit to log them, but the recruit failed to obtain the items and simply wrote down that they were there. They were forced to let him go because they didn't find the body. Once he was released, Holden was upset to learn that he took all their potential evidence with him.

They went to see Wayne at his house and learned that there was a dog there, which he said was not his but his father's. He went over his day, but contracted his prior story. He then showed them the flyers he handed out to try to recruit talent. His flyers specifically looked for children who wanted to perform. He hadn't yet discovered anyone, but wanted to find the next Jackson 5. They looked into this and found that while Wayne rented studio time, he never recorded demos with kids. He just sat and talked to them, kids the same ages as the victims.

They found another body in the river, half a mile from where Wayne was pulled over. Jim also told Holden about the timeline of Wayne being seen with scratches on his arm matching up with the disappearance of Terry Pue, who was known to be a fighter. He also looked the the composite sketch of someone who was seen with one of the kids. They talked to the DA about what they knew that connected Wayne to the crimes and asked for warrants. He initially refused, later approved their warrants. They placed a bug in his car to track where he went and followed him, though he quickly figured out what they were doing.

They got approval to search Wayne's house. They found green carpet that matched fibers on the victims and a book on how to beat a lie detector. They interviewed Wayne, but he wouldn't admit to any wrongdoing or any knowledge of the victims. He also passed a polygraph, so they were forced to let him go. His name and address were leaked and published in the newspaper, raising the ire of the black community, who still didn't believe a black man could be responsible. With the media camped out in front of his house, he offered them a tour and an interview in exchange for not showing his face. The press continued to follow him, which he used to lead them to the mayor's house, where he yelled publicly about being harassed. While they were distracted, Wayne's father went an enquired about chartered flights to South America.

Wayne was later arrested when samples from his house were matched to the bodies. They charged him with just two victims, both adults, but Gunn said they'd probably file charges on other cases later. They believed the case was over, but then Jim showed the case of another pedophile in the area who had photos of only white boys. A recruit said that the photos pulled from the scene included young black boys and there were thousands, though not all were logged into evidence. They wanted to look into it deeper, but they were told the case was settled and to let it go instead. They announced that they were suspending the investigation as their primary suspect was arrested.

After the case was declared over, Bill went home to find that Nancy had moved out of the house with Brian. ⎞]


Contents

In the 19th century, following the American Civil War, stories and inexpensive dime novels depicting the American West and frontier life were becoming common. In 1869, author Ned Buntline wrote a novel about the buffalo hunter, U.S. Army scout and guide William F. Buffalo Bill Cody called Buffalo Bill, the King of Border Men after the two met on a train from California to Nebraska. In December 1872, Buntline's novel turned into a theatrical production when The Scouts of the Prairie debuted in Chicago. The show featured Buntline, Cody, Texas Jack Omohundro, and the Italian-born ballerina Giuseppina Morlacchi and toured the American theater circuit for two years. [2]

Buntline left the show and in 1874 Cody founded the Buffalo Bill Combination, in which he performed for part of the year, while scouting on the prairies the rest of the year. [3] Wild Bill Hickok joined the group to headline in a new play called Scouts of the Plains. Hickok did not enjoy acting and was released from the group after one show when he shot out a spotlight that focused on him. [4]

Texas Jack parted ways with Cody in 1877 and formed his own acting troupe in St. Louis, known as the 'Texas Jack Combination', and in May of that year he debuted Texas Jack in the Black Hills. [5] Other plays the combination performed included The Trapper's Daughter and Life on the Border.

In 1883, Cody founded Buffalo Bill's Wild West, an outdoor attraction that toured annually. [6] The new show contained a lot of action including wild animals, trick performances, and theatrical reenactments. All sorts of characters from the frontier were incorporated into the show's program. Shooting exhibitions were also in the lineup with extensive shooting displays and trick shots. Rodeo events, involving rough and dangerous activities performed by cowboys with different animals, also featured. It was the first and prototypical Wild West show, lasting until 1915, and featured theatrical reenactments of battle scenes, characteristic western scenes, and even hunts. [7]

In 1883, Buffalo Bill's Wild West was founded in North Platte, Nebraska when Buffalo Bill Cody turned his real life adventure into the first outdoor western show. [8] The show's publicist Arizona John Burke employed innovating techniques at the time, such as celebrity endorsements, press kits, publicity stunts, op-ed articles, billboards and product licensing, that contributed to the success and popularity of the show. [9]

Buffalo Bill's Wild West toured Europe eight times, the first four tours between 1887 and 1892, and the last four from 1902 to 1906. [10] The first tour was in 1887 as part of the American Exhibition, which coincided with the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. [11] The Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, requested a private preview of the Wild West performance he was impressed enough to arrange a command performance for Queen Victoria. The Queen enjoyed the show and meeting the performers, setting the stage for another command performance on June 20, 1887, for her Jubilee guests. Royalty from all over Europe attended, including the future Kaiser Wilhelm II and the future King George V. [12] Buffalo Bill's Wild West closed its successful London run in October 1887 after more than 300 performances, with more than 2.5 million tickets sold. [13] The tour made stops in Birmingham and Manchester before returning to the United States in May 1888 for a short summer tour.

In 1893, Cody changed the title to Buffalo Bill's Wild West and Congress of Rough Riders of the World and the show performed at the Chicago World's Fair to a crowd of 18,000. This performance was a huge contributor to the show's popularity. The show never again did as well as it did that year. That same year at the Fair, Frederick Turner, a young Wisconsin scholar, gave a speech that pronounced the first stage of American history over. "The frontier has gone", he declared. [14]

Buffalo Bill's Wild West returned to Europe in December 1902 with a fourteen-week run in London, capped by a visit from King Edward VII and the future King George V. The Wild West traveled throughout Great Britain in a tour in 1902 and 1903 and a tour in 1904, performing in nearly every city large enough to support it. [15] The 1905 tour began in April with a two-month run in Paris, after which the show traveled around France, performing mostly one-night stands, concluding in December. The final tour, in 1906, began in France on March 4 and quickly moved to Italy for two months. The show then traveled east, performing in Austria, the Balkans, Hungary, Romania, and the Ukraine, before returning west to tour in Poland, Bohemia (later Czech Republic), Germany, and Belgium. [16]

By 1894 the harsh economy made it hard to afford tickets. It did not help that the show was routed to go through the South in a year when the cotton was flooded and there was a general depression in the area. Buffalo Bill lost a lot of money and was on the brink of a financial disaster. Soon after, and in an attempt of recovery of monetary balance, Buffalo Bill signed a contract in which he was tricked by Bonfil and Temmen into selling them the show and demoting himself to a mere employee and attraction of the Sells-Floto Circus. From this point, the show began to destroy itself. Finally, in 1913 the show was declared bankrupt. [17]

Show content Edit

The shows consisted of reenactments of history combined with displays of showmanship, sharpshooting, hunts, racing, or rodeo style events. Each show was 3–4 hours long and attracted crowds of thousands of people daily. The show began with a parade on horseback. The parade was a major ordeal, an affair that involved huge public crowds and many performers, including the Congress of Rough Riders.

Events included acts known as Bison Hunt, Train Robbery, Indian War Battle Reenactment, and the usual grand finale of the show, Attack on the Burning Cabin, in which Indians attacked a settler's cabin and were repulsed by Buffalo Bill, cowboys, and Mexicans. Also included were semi-historical scenes such as a settler perspective of the Battle of the Little Bighorn or the charge on San Juan Hill. The reenactment of the Battle of Little Bighorn also known as "Custer's Last Stand" featured Buck Taylor starring as General George Armstrong Custer. In this battle, Custer and all men under his direct command were killed. After Custer is dead, Buffalo Bill rides in, the hero, but he is too late. He avenges Custer by killing and scalping Yellow Hair (also called Yellowhand) which he called the "first scalp for Custer". [18]

Shooting competitions and displays of marksmanship were commonly a part of the program. Great feats of skill were shown off using rifles, shotguns, and revolvers. Most people in the show were good marksmen but many were experts.

Animals also did their share in the show through rodeo entertainment. In rodeo events, cowboys like Lee Martin would try to rope and ride broncos. Broncos are unbroken horses that tend to throw or buck their riders. Other wild animals they would attempt to ride or deal with were mules, buffalo, Texas steers, elk, deer, bears, and moose. The show also demonstrated hunts which were staged as they would have been on the frontier, and were accompanied by one of the few remaining buffalo herds in the world. [19]

Races were another form of entertainment employed in the Wild West show. Many different races were held, including those between cowboys, Mexicans, and Indians, [ citation needed ] a 100 yd foot race between Indian and Indian pony, [ citation needed ] a race between Sioux boys on bareback Indian ponies, [ citation needed ] races between Mexican thoroughbreds, and even a race between Lady Riders.


Born near LeClaire in Scott County, Iowa, on February 26, 1846, William F. Cody worked for a freight company as a messenger and wrangler before trying his luck as a prospector in the Pikes Peak gold rush in 1859. The next year, at age 14, Cody joined the Pony Express, fitting the bill for the advertised position: "skinny, expert riders willing to risk death daily."

Cody later served in the American Civil War, and in 1867 he began buffalo hunting (to feed constructions crews building railroads), which would give him the nickname that would define him forever. His own assessment puts the number of buffalo he killed at 4,280, in just over a year and a half.

In 1868, Cody returned to his work for the Army as chief of scouts (and his ongoing work with the military garnered him the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1872, which was subsequently stripped and then reinstated), all the while becoming a national folk hero thanks to the dime-novel exploits of his alter ego, "Buffalo Bill.” In late 1872, Cody went to Chicago to make his stage debut in The Scouts of the Prairie, one of Ned Buntline’s original Wild West shows (Buntline was also the author of the Buffalo Bill novels). The next year, "Wild Bill" Hickok joined the show, and the troupe toured for ten years.


Murder, Marriage and the Pony Express: Ten Things You Didn’t Know About Buffalo Bill

Soldier, cowboy, showman, celebrity—William “Buffalo Bill” Cody wore many hats throughout his long life. In the century since Cody’s death, his Wild West show, which traveled the world for 30 years and featured sharp-shooting, rope tricks, buffalo hunting and reenactments of historical events like Custer’s Last Stand at Little Big Horn, has continued to influence how we view the West and the country’s past.

“This isn’t a simple case of a backwoodsman becoming a celebrity,” says Jeremy Johnston, the Hal and Naoma Tate Endowed Chair and curator of Western history at the Smithsonian-affiliated Buffalo Bill Center of the West. “He was quite in tune with American society, American politics, and was very interested in using technology to tell the story of the American West.”

Johnston grew up 20 miles east of Cody, Wyoming, (a town named for Buffalo Bill, who had a hand in its founding) and his family history in the area stretches back to when Cody was in his heyday. Much as Johnston loved the adventure stories of Buffalo Bill, his real passion has been digging into archival research as the managing editor of the Papers of William F. Cody project.

“If you grew up playing cowboys and Indians, you did so because Buffalo Bill’s Wild West made that such a popular part of our memory of the American West,” Johnston says. Cody’s show was populated with Lakota and other Plains Indians tribes, and they were portrayed as aggressors who attacked wagon trains and settlers’ cabins—which didn’t accurately reflect the complex reality.

But even more than that, Cody shaped how the public thinks about history.

“If I was to fault him on anything that still impacts us to this day, it’s the idea that history is entertainment—history as sensationalized authentic depictions in the past,” Johnston says. “Take that model and apply it to many components of U.S. history. World War I, Vietnam—there’s always been a very strong element of entertainment shaping how we view history and our past.”

This makes getting to the truth of Cody’s life all the more difficult legend and fact tended to blur in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West. But for Johnston, it’s all part of the fun.

In celebration of the 100 years that have passed since Buffalo Bill died, check out 10 surprising episodes from his larger-than-life life.

1. He probably wasn’t a rider for the Pony Express

When California entered the United States as a free state in September 1850, one immediate need was to speed up the rate of communication with the rest of the union. With that goal in mind, Russell, Majors and Waddell (the largest transportation company in the West) started the Pony Express in 1860.  Comprised of 400 horses and relay stations built 10 to15 miles apart, with larger stations 90 to120 miles apart (for riders to change and rest), the company claimed all mail would be delivered in a record 10 days. But there were plenty of delays in mail delivery, caused by everything from Native American hostilities to the deaths of riders caused by bad weather and dangerous river crossings. But the Pony Express did succeed in carrying word of Abraham Lincoln’s victory in the 1860 presidential election from Fort Kearney, Nebraska, to Placerville, California in only five days.

At age 11, Cody did carry messages on horseback for the freighting firm Major and Russell (which became Russell, Majors and Waddell). But historians have had a hard time verifying his assertions that he worked for the Pony Express. There are contradictions in his autobiography, and one historian even concluded that when Pony Express existed, Cody was in school in Leavenworth, Kansas, and couldn’t have been riding back and forth across Wyoming at the same time.

2. His father was stabbed when he gave an anti-slavery speech

Isaac Cody was a surveyor and real estate investor, born in Ontario, Canada, in 1811 with a childhood in Ohio. He moved around the Midwest his whole life, from Iowa Territory, where William was born, than on to Kansas during a time when the new territory was at its most tumultuous. In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that all U.S. territories possessed self-government in all issues, including slavery, turning Kansas into a literal battleground between free state forces and pro-slavery. The town of Leavenworth, where the Cody family lived, was pro-slavery and the groups regularly held meetings at Rively’s trading post. On Sept 18, 1854, Isaac stumbled into one such gathering and was asked to voice his opinion. When he said he didn’t want slavery extended, he was stabbed twice in the chest with a Bowie knife. Complications from the injury ultimately led to his death in 1857.

3. He hunted buffalo with Russian royalty

When a Russian delegation led by Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich, took a four-month goodwill tour of the U.S. in 1871-72, the royal visit was big news—especially when they went on a buffalo hunt. Organized by General Philip Sheridan (best known for his Shenandoah Valley Campaign on behalf of the Union in 1864), the hunt would take place in January at Red Willow Creek in Nebraska. William Cody traveled with them as a scout. The event was widely publicized, with newspapers writing about the Grand Duke’s affection for an “Indian princess,”—a detail that was almost certainly fabricated to spice up the story.

4. His nickname came from a job with the Kansas Pacific Railroad

Before his long run as impresario of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West, Cody bounced around a number of jobs. In 1867 he became a hunter for the Kansas Pacific branch of the Union Pacific Railroad. For a year and a half, Cody delivered 12 bison a day to the hungry workers. It’s estimated he killed more than 4,000 in one eight-month period, and he once killed 48 buffalo in 30 minutes. Despite supporting conservation measures like implementing a hunting season, Cody’s over-hunting and that of American soldiers contributed to the near-extinction of buffalo.


Biggest Inflation in the History of History Coming – Bill Holter

By Greg Hunter’s USAWatchdog.com (Early Sunday Release)

Recently, one big name money manager after another is on record telling people to buy hard assets. Why? Financial writer and precious metals expert Bill Holter says they all know what is coming. Holter contends, “They understand that this is going to be the biggest monetary debasement in the history of history. They understand it’s hyperinflation that is on its way. They are late to the game, and they do manage billions and billions of dollars, and I don’t see how people talking about buying gold and buying silver are going to be able to get actual physical silver and physical gold in their hands or in their vaults.”

Holter is warning of a failure to deliver metal because demand is out-running supply. Holter says, “So far, this year . . . for gold, they have already EFP (Exchange for Physical) 4,200 tons just for the first eight months. . . . They don’t have the inventories to deliver. . . . The point being that is 4,200 tons in eight months. The world only produces 3,300 tons (of gold a year) and if you take out Russia and China, which do not export (gold), the whole total for the year is 2,800 tons. So, it looks like we are going to end up with 6,000 tons of gold EFP demand for delivery in a world that is only producing 2,800 tons. In silver, it’s worse. In silver in the first eight months, there has been 1.6 billion ounces EFP. That number is going to end up to about 2.4 billion of silver ounces (EFP) and the world produces less than 800 million ounces a year. The bottom line to what all this means is there is going to be a failure to deliver. Once there is a failure to deliver, only the Lord knows what kind of prices we are going to be looking at for gold and silver.”

Holter says a failure to deliver is not a maybe but a sure thing. Holter says, “Whether it is this year or the first few months of next year, it doesn’t matter. It is going to happen. . . . I can basically guarantee there is going to be a failure to deliver, and that failure to deliver is going to unmask and scare the crap out of the entire fractional reserve banking system and the fractional reserve commodity system. The whole thing is going to come down in a panic because somebody gets a failure to deliver. . . . If you listen to what Trump is saying, he wants a lower dollar. How much of a lower dollar does he want? He’s talking about debasing the currency to make the debt payable. . . . That is the most palatable way for any government to pay debt and that is to debase the currency and pay it off in monkey money.”

Join Greg Hunter as he goes One-on-One with precious metals expert Bill Holter of JSMineset.com.

After the Interview:

There is lots free information and cometary on JSMineset.com. There is also a subscription service for original and cutting edge analysis from Holter and legendary market and gold expert Jim Sinclair. To become a subscriber, please click here.

This segment is sponsored by Discount Gold and Silver Trading. Ask for Melody Cedarstrom, the owner, at 1-800-375-4188.


How Biden Helped Strip Bankruptcy Protection From Millions Just Before a Recession

During the most recent Democratic presidential primary debate, Joe Biden and Elizabeth Warren had an awkward and tense exchange over the creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The friction between the two of them goes back quite a ways, long before Biden was vice president and Warren became a senator in Massachusetts. The two first butted heads over Biden's support of bankruptcy reform in the late 1990s and early 2000s, back when he represented Delaware in the Senate.

The key detail is the difference between the two kinds of bankruptcy a person can declare: Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. Chapter 7 is known as liquidation bankruptcy and is meant for people with limited income. It allows them sell off what assets they can to pay creditors and then discharge most of the rest of their debts relatively quickly. In contrast, Chapter 13, reorganizing bankruptcy, puts the debtor on a payment plan, so a portion their future income is guaranteed to go to paying back their creditors. If you're a creditor, this is the option you would rather someone take when they owe you money, since you're going to get more out of them over the long run.

The 2005 Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act (BAPCPA) was meant, on paper, to prevent people from abusing Chapter 7 bankruptcy. It accomplished that through means testing, making it harder for people to declare Chapter 7 bankruptcy versus Chapter 13. If a person's income exceeds a certain threshold, they're ineligible for declaring Chapter 7. The bill also required people to complete a credit counseling course no more than 180 days before they declare bankruptcy. It also limits the kinds of debt a person can discharge through bankruptcy: If they use a credit card to spend too much money on "luxury goods" or withdraw too much in cash advances, that credit line can't be erased. And, gallingly, the bill made it completely impossible to discharge student loan debt. It may very well be the single piece of legislation most responsible for putting the U.S. in the current student debt crisis.

Biden was one of the bill's major Democratic champions, and he fought for its passage from his position on the Senate Judiciary Committee. He had pushed for two earlier bankruptcy reform bills in 2000 and 2001, both of which failed. But in 2005, BAPCPA made it through, successfully erecting all kinds of roadblocks for Americans struggling with debt, and doing so just before the financial crisis of 2008. Since BAPCPA passed, Chapter 13 filings went from representing just 24 percent of all bankruptcy filings per year to 39 percent in 2017. Melissa Jacoby, a University of North Carolina law professor specializing in bankruptcy, told Politico, "I doubt that the bill reined in the abuses that the bill was premised on, in part because they didn’t necessarily exist in the first place."

Unions, consumer protection groups, and the National Organization for Women all opposed the BAPCPA, but it had heavy support from the credit card industry. Delaware is essentially a domestic tax haven for corporations, and as a result financial institutions like credit card companies hold tremendous power in the state. As political writer Alexander Cockburn once wrote, "The first duty of any senator from Delaware is to do the bidding of the banks and large corporations which use the tiny state as a drop box and legal sanctuary. Biden has never failed his masters in this primary task. Find any bill that sticks it to the ordinary folk on behalf of the Money Power and you’ll likely detect Biden’s hand at work."


Why Hunter Biden was discharged from the Navy

Trump did not hesitate to swing back. "I don't know Beau," said the President, using his now-familiar comeback. "I know Hunter," he continued, "Hunter got thrown out of the military. he was dishonorably discharged."

While it is true that Hunter Biden was discharged from the Navy Reserve, he was not, as Trump alleged, dishonorably discharged. Joe Biden's son began his service in May 2013, as a public affairs officer in a reserve unit based in Norfolk, Virginia (via CNN). In June he tested positive for cocaine, and by February the following year, the Navy had administratively discharged him for it. (According to VetVerify, in contrast to an administrative discharge, a dishonorable discharge is punitive and is only issued for the most "reprehensible" conduct.)


Bill Hunter - History

The Border Series is a new continuing series of articles about the Blue Ridge during the time period prior to and during the Revolutionary War, when Southwest Virginia was the border of our new nation.

Men of the American frontier knew that Southwest Virginia and later Tennessee and Kentucky, were excellent places to hunt, a fact known to the Indians for centuries before the arrival of the white man. The so-called long hunts usually began in October and extended into March or April of the following year. The furs and hides were of the finest quality during this extended season, and brought the highest prices. As it became necessary to move beyond the boundaries of present Virginia into eastern Tennessee and Kentucky, the expeditions became more extended, lasting nine to eighteen months and sometimes even two years. When this happened the men who went on these expeditions became known as the Long Hunters.

The hunters were among the first to explore the lands just beyond the borders of civilization. It was the hunters that brought back glowing reports of excellent rivers, bold springs, fertile land, and abundant supply of valuable wild animals. According to Haywood, in his "History of Tennessee", the long hunter could earn as much as $1600-$1700 a season, a sum not often realized in the entire lifetime of a farmer of the same period.

As early as 1750, explorer, Dr. Thomas Walker, reported that he and his party who had traveled for several months in the counties of Southwest Virginia, killed 13 buffalo, 8 elk, 53 bear, 20 deer, 4 wild geese, and about 150 turkeys.

Some of the early hunters went through the Cumberland Gap and headed west to open grasslands called the Barrens, the center of which is now Barren County, Kentucky. In this area, the hunters found buffalo, elk, and white-tailed deer by the hundreds, and sometimes by the thousands. There were also flocks of wild turkey and wild pigeons. Wolves, panthers, and bear were also plentiful.

The hunters came from a wide area to hunt in the forests of Southwest Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The well-known Boones, Squire and Daniel, came from North Carolina Elisha Wallen and many of his associates from Smith River in Pittsylvania County Isaac Lindsey and his group from South Carolina and the Drakes, Bledsoes, Scaggs, and others from the New River settlements. Many of them later moved to the Holston River in present Washington and Smyth counties, Virginia, and some into Kentucky and Tennessee. Joshua Horton, Uriah Stone, and William Baker came from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and Michael Stoner and James Harrod came from Pittsburgh.

The first documented long hunt of record began in late 1761, when eighteen men, led by Elisha Wallen, the Blevins (John and William), and Charles Cox traveled into what is now Sullivan County and Carter's Valley in Tennessee. In 1763, another group hunted in upper East Tennessee and on the Cumberland River. Two years later, two Blevins men from Virginia sold furs and hides valued at 1600 pounds, at a store in the Moravian settlement at Bethabara, North Carolina.

Each year following, small groups went out to hunt and explore, and their glowing accounts raised the urge for exploration to a boiling point. In June 1769, twenty or more men met eight miles south of Fort Chiswell on New River probably at the lead mines. From this point in present Wythe County, Virginia, the hunters set out for the great hunt in Kentucky and Tennessee. In 1770 and 1771, the hunting seasons were excellent and there were so many skins that they could not all be taken back to Virginia in one trip. A "skin house" was built to store the valuable skins and pelts until they could be transported to market. One hunter reported that his party had been robbed of "500 deer skins, a camp outfit, and ammunition."

In the 1770s, after the French and Indian War treaties were signed, Powells Valley, Virginia, was a favorite place for hunters, especially William Blanton, Nathan Richardson, Thomas Berry, David Carson, and William McGehee, who went there to hunt buffalo. James Maxwell and Samuel Walker met a party of hunters in the wilderness of what is now Tazewell County in 1772. Uriah Stone, of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, was mentioned by name. William Collier, known as "Lyin Bill Collier" was a hunter and trapper about the same time.

Although the men sometimes moved into the hunting areas in groups of fifteen to thirty, once the hunting ground was reached, they divided into twos and threes and set out from the station camp. The usual dress was hunting skirts, leggings, and moccasins. The equipment included two pack horses each, a large supply of powder and lead for their rifles, a small vise and bellows, a screwplate and files for repairing the rifles, traps, blankets, dogs, and other supplies.

Hunters were not noted for leaving written records they were always on the move, on the border, on the frontier, and on the edge of civilization. Consequently, the names of all of the hunters are unknown. From various sources, I have found that the following men hunted or were associated with the Long Hunters on their trips in the fifteen year period 1760-1775. No doubt there were many others. The list is as follows: James Aldridge, William Allen, John Baker, Joseph Baker, William Baker and slave, Thomas Berry, William Blanton, Issac Bledsoe, Anthony Bledsoe, Abram Bledsoe, John (Jack) Blevins, William Blevins, Daniel Boone, Squire Boone, Castleton Brook, Cassius Brooks, Joseph Brown, William Butler, David Carson, William Carr, Jeremiah Clinch, William Collier, William Cool or Colley, Charles Cox, Edward (Ned?) Cowan, William Crabtree, Robert Crockett, Benjamin Cutbird, Joseph Drake, Ephraim Drake, James Dysart, John Finley, Thomas Gordon, James Graham, James Harrod, William Harilson, Jacob Harman, Valentine Harman, Isaac Hite, Humphrey Hogan, Joseph Holden, John Hughes, Joshua Horton (Houghton?) and mulatto slave, Henry Knox, James Knox, Isaac Lindesy, David Lynch, William Lynch, Hunberson Lyons, Captian William Linville, John Linville, Casper Mansker, James Maxwell, William Miller, John Montgomery, James Mooney, Robert Moffet, Lawrence Murray, William McGeehee, Alexander Neely, William Newman, Walter (?) Newman, William Pttman, John Rains," old man" Russell, Nathan Richardson, Charles Skaggs, Henry Skaggs, Richard Skaggs, Charles Sinclair, James Smith, Henry Smith, Christopher Stoph (Stopher?) John Stutler, Uriah Stone, Michael Stoner, John Stuart, Obediah Terrell, Elisha Wallen, Samuel Walker, James Ward, John Williams and Edward Worthington.


Charlie Hunter

As a young guitarist growing up in the San Francisco Bay Area, Charlie Hunter was looking for a way to stand out in the '80s. His primary influences were jazz great Joe Pass and the fluid Tuck Andress (of the guitar/vocal duo Tuck & Patti), both six-string guitarists who were adept at blending bass notes into their standard guitar melodies to make themselves sound like two musicians at once. But Hunter wanted to take it one step further and set out to find an instrument on which he could simultaneously function as both a guitarist and a bassist. For his self-titled 1993 debut CD, Hunter played a seven-string guitar for the duality effect, locking down the bottom with drummer Jay Lane and mixing melodically with saxophonist David Ellis. But on his trio's 1995 sophomore release, Bing, Bing, Bing!, Hunter unveiled his custom-made Novax eight-string, the guitar that finally allowed him to realize his capacity. Designed by Ralph Novak, the instrument featured special frets and separate signals for its guitar and bass portions. Picking bass notes with his right thumb while fretting them with his left index finger (while at the same time fingerpicking guitar chords and single notes with his right hand's remaining four digits as he frets with his left hand's other three fingers), Hunter achieves the real sound of two-for-one.

Hunter played with the side group T.J. Kirk in the mid-'90s, a band that derived their name from the cover material they exclusively played: Thelonious Monk, James Brown, and Rahsaan Roland Kirk. Initially wanting to call themselves James T. Kirk before being threatened by the Star Trek TV and film series, T.J. Kirk released a self-titled 1995 debut and the 1996 follow-up, If Four Was One, before disbanding. Hunter took drummer Scott Amendola with him for his next project, an ambitious instrumental remake of Bob Marley's Natty Dread album in its entirety. Also featuring saxophonists Kenny Brooks and Calder Spanier, the 1997 release beat the odds by becoming what is arguably Hunter's best album. After Spanier died from injuries sustained from being hit by a car, Hunter moved east to New York, taking Amendola with him. Teaming with vibraphonist Stefon Harris and percussionist John Santos, Charlie Hunter & Pound for Pound's 1998 CD Return of the Candyman is dedicated to Spanier. A departure from Natty Dread, mainly due to the work of Harris, the disc featured a vibes-heavy cover of Steve Miller's "Fly Like an Eagle."

Hunter's modus operandi had now become shifting personnel changes, and in between tours he recorded a 1999 duo CD with drummer/percussionist Leon Parker and a self-titled 2000 CD that featured Parker and an otherwise ensemble cast. Hunter also contributed greatly to the 2000 comeback CD by drummer Mike Clark, Actual Proof. Hunter concluded his run at Blue Note with 2001's Songs from the Analog Playground, which saw him collaborating with vocalists for the first time, ranging from labelmates Norah Jones and Kurt Elling to Mos Def. The year 2003 found Hunter with a new label (Ropeadope) and two new bands, the Charlie Hunter Quintet on Right Now Move and the beginning of Groundtruther, a partnership with percussionist/composer Bobby Previte -- released Come in Red Dog, This Is Tango Leader before adopting the Groundtruther moniker. For 2003's Friends Seen and Unseen, it was back to the Charlie Hunter Trio, with drummer Derrek Phillips and saxman John Ellis, both members of the Quintet. By now, Groundtruther had taken on a life of its own, with Hunter and Previte joined by a rotating third member. Latitude was first in 2004 with saxophonist Greg Osby, followed by Longitude with DJ Logic in 2005.

In 2006, the Charlie Hunter Trio resurfaced with Copperopolis and almost immediately announced that they were disbanding as Ellis wanted to further pursue a solo career. Hunter quickly regrouped, recruiting Erik Deutsch on keys and Simon Lott on drums. They released Mistico in the summer of 2007, Hunter's one and only album for Fantasy.

He began self-releasing his music in 2008 with Baboon Strength by his trio, and followed it in 2010 with Gentlemen, I Neglected to Inform You You Will Not Be Getting Paid, featuring a band that swapped keyboards for a three-piece horn section. Ever restless, Hunter collaborated on a series of duet albums over the next few years. The first two, in 2012 and 2013, were reunions with drummer Amendola and titled, respectively, Not Getting Behind Is the New Getting Ahead and Pucker. The sounds the pair engaged ranged from soul-jazz to blues and funk. On 2014's Dionne Dionne, he worked with former Arrested Development guitarist Dionne Farris on a series of cover songs associated with Dionne Warwick.

Hunter reassembled his Trio in 2015 with drummer Previte and trombonist Curtis Fowlkes (who was a member of Right Now Move). They issued a preview track, "Those People," in May. The album Let the Bells Ring On followed a month later. In 2016, he delivered the quartet album Everybody Has a Plan Until They Get Punched in the Mouth, featuring Previte, Fowlkes, and cornetist Kirk Knuffke.


Watch the video: Bill Hunter talks about Priscilla (November 2021).